Equine Therapy is a therapy that uses the horse as a therapeutic tool and
is divided into three areas:
Works with people who have neuromotor disorders
with neurological, traumatic, degenerative or genetic origins
is the area that brings in psychiatry, psychology and pedagogy, as well as
the promotion kinesis. Therapeutic riding treats psycho dysfunction,
sensomotor and sociomotor problems that have psychological, psychiatric or
Riding as a sport
People who are gaining mastery of their body and can
control the horse, can start working in this area.
covers the integration of four different professional fields:
an important role in hypotherapy because sitting on horseback is used as a
physical therapy for patients with neurological dysfunction that have
neuromotor, traumatic or degenerative origins.
Psychology y Education:
are directly affected by therapeutic riding and when combined with
phsychotherapy therapeutic riding treat psychomotor, sensomotor and
as a sport gives people with certain physical and functional disabilities
the opportunity to fully integrate into a sporting life.
we use two methods: Passive and Active therapy.
Passive therapy: the
patient passively adjusts to the movement of the horse without any action on
their part, drawing heat body, the rhythmic impulses and the shape of the
three-dimensional horse. It
uses the "back riding" technique where the therapist sits behind
the patient to support and align during the ride.
Active therapy: adds to the passive
adaptation neuromuscular exercises to stimulate greater standardization of
muscle tone, balance, coordination and psychomotor symmetry and body
exercises neurosensory stimulation to increase neuronal synapses and brain
Horse assisted therapies are seen as complementary medicine and are
usually recommended as additions to other therapies. The therapy is
supervised by physicians in different specialties. To get the best results
it is necessary to record and continually measure progress and schedule
exercises the specialist recommends.
In the past two decades the scientific and medical community around the
world has devoted many hours to study the horseback therapies , their
benefits, their foundations and various exercises stimulation to achieve the
maximum rehabilitation of the patient, below are some of the factors
underlying Equine Therapy.
Movement - three dimensional
We observe that
the movements of a person riding on a horse that is walking slowly, are
almost identical to those of a person walking. Both follow the same pattern
of movement in the human pelvis and the trunk, while the rider sits on the
center over the spine of the horse.
The movement of horse affects the human pelvis and trunk when
riding passively on the horse in motion.
The movement of the horse must be continuous and rhythmic.
The lateral movement should be side to side and of the same amplitude.
A slight rotation is derived from the horse's rhythm while walking.
The pelvic inclination will move back and forth at a rate depending on the type
of therapy for the patient.
These rhythmic movements transmit to the rider between 90 to 120 pulsations
per minute (depending on the horse) and encourage physical and neurological
development of the entire human body.
This process of
stimulation produces endorphins which promotes neuronal synapses, allows the
brain to identify: muscles, members, organs, etc., begin
to send instructions to them and promoting neuro-muscular empowerment,
because in the vast majority of cases, the nervous system has been unaware
of their existence, or in the case of neurological damage Equine Therapy
stimulation develops and strengthens synaptic plasticity.
The horse and rider binomial
The communication established between the rider and the horse is
based on the primary communication that is mainly emotional, and
promotes self-esteem and confidence to the patient, similar to maternal
communication from conception to the first year of age.
psychological stimulation Neuro-sensorial
Given that the therapy is given primarily in open areas, surrounded by
vegetation where the patient's family can also participate, the therapy
gives the patient a period of entertainment and sport allowing the patient
to gain stimulation without being conscious of the therapy. The therapy
session allows active and passive learning by stimulating the brain through
the 5 senses increasing neuronal synapses in different brain areas thus
promoting complex mental processes organized in brains areas working in
of signaling molecules
Riding stimulates signaling molecules, these are derivatives of the amino
acids that act as neuro-transmistors and neuro-modulators in the synapse of
neurons, these are serotonin, dopamine, endorfin, noradrenaline and
adrenaline, maturing and speeding up various brain areas, promoting the
generation of mental processes, especially higher mental faculties, such as
attention, conscious mechanisms, cognitive skills, social relationships and
the behavior of parents and families
Through Equine Therapy parents and relatives of patients acquire a sense
of confidence in them which allows them to support their self-reliance and
self-esteem. The additional help of psychologists and other specialists will
increase confidence towards the rider for preparing for the future and
encourage the family to project a "You can" attitude to the
Therapies on horseback
therapy sessions and by taking advantage of the patient's willingness to
learn, one can create recreational and cultural activities plus
physiological, kinesiological, psychological and neurological exercises
aimed at improving coordination, breathing, developing senses and other
abilities of the patient.