centuries, the horse has served mankind with its strength and speed in the
fields of transport, the military and sports. Their willingness to serve
the man has been tireless.
Today, the horse provides three
specific features that form the basis for the use of riding as therapy.
therapeutic principles underlying Equine Therapy are: transmission of the body heat of the horse, rhythmic impulses and the rate of step when walking
which is similar to how we walk.
Since the body of the horse gets to
around 38.8° C when moving its body acts as a tool to defuse heat that relaxes muscles,
ligaments and stimulates touch.
patient rides without a saddle and if possible bare-back. This
allows the heat to be transmitted to the pelvic area and the patient's
lower limbs , which helps with the relaxation of the leg muscles and
has been proved that the contact and warmth of the horse the patient will
find that the leg muscles and ligaments remain relaxed for an extended
period (up to 6 hours in the case of the adductors).
You can also
do many other exercises that get excellent results in terms of relaxation,
elasticity, sensory stimulation and increased stimulation of the
and closeness to the horse also has great therapeutic value in respect to
the patient's psychology.
All of this leads to feelings of security, love and protection in order to
rebuild self-confidence and acceptance of oneself.
rhythmic pulse of the horse's spine are transmitted to the pelvic area,
the spine and lower limbs of the rider. When
walking, about 90 to 110 pulsations per minute are transmitted to the
rider's pelvis; they in turn increase in number and intensity if the horse
starts to trot.
impulses are caused by the lumbar muscles and ventral muscles of the
horse, which expand and contract rhythmically and regularly when the horse
walks or trots. The
forward movement forces the rider's pelvic area to adapt to the tilting
motion, physiological impulses are sent upwards through the spine to the
head, helping with the patient's ability to balance and aligning the
The purpose of physiotherapy is to provide physiological
stimuli to even out muscle tone and develop coordinated movement.
transmission of these rhythmical and regular physiological impulses form
the basis for Equine Therapy, which makes it a physical therapy with broad
neuromotor effects (Strauss, 1993).
psychotherapeutic value lies in the improvement of self-confidence and
trust in the world that surrounds the patient. The therapy gives
the patient a whole range of new psychosensory experiences that take full
advantage of both psychological and psychiatric areas.
Equine Therapy is gaining importance in the areas of psychology and
psychiatry and is now being integrated as therapeutic support within
value of Equine Therapy, for the transmission of a three-dimensional
sensation of locomotion equivalent to human motion lets you work with
people who cannot walk and develops coordination and stabilization of the
trunk and head. The crucial factors for success are
the smooth movement of the horse, a rhythmic and regular gait and a
work-out of the thigh and upper leg muscles.
The value of
physical and psychological principles that form the basis of Equine
Therapy mean that it is a very complete therapy, which can be applied to
medical, psychological and psychiatric care.